Causes of Infertility in Women

Infertility is the inability to conceive after at least 12 months of trying. Female infertility can be caused by age, hormonal disorders, physical problems, lifestyle, or environmental factors. If you have difficulties conceiving, you need to visit your doctor, Lauren E. Spoo, MD, for successful evaluation and treatment. Here are some common causes of infertility.

Uterine or cervical disorders

Different uterine and cervical problems will cause infertility. Some of the related disorders you will encounter include;

  • Your uterus might have an unusual shape that cannot hold the embryo leading to infertility.
  • Cervical stenosis. It is a condition where your cervix becomes narrow caused by cervical damage or an inherited defect.
  • Fibroids. These are non-cancerous growths found in the uterus. They block the fallopian tube or obstruct implantation, causing infertility. Although, some women will have fibroids but still conceive.
  • The sperm requires mucus to travel from the cervix to the uterus. Sometimes your cervix will not produce enough phlegm, or the mucus is thick, so the sperm will not travel to your uterus, causing infertility.

Ovulation disorders

Ovulation is a process where the ovary releases a mature egg to your fallopian tube. Ovulation problems cause most cases of infertility in women. Irregular or no ovulation at all will cause infertility. Various factors cause ovulation disorders, and here are some:

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS); PCOS affects ovulation by causing hormonal imbalance. It is related to obesity and insulin resistance.
  • Hypothalamic dysfunction. Follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones produced by the pituitary gland stimulate ovulation. Emotional stress, obesity or light bodyweight, and excess physical can disrupt these hormones hindering ovulation; hence infertility occurs.
  • Primary ovarian inadequacy. It is the failure of the ovary to function normally due to genetics or chemotherapy. Women under 40 years are the most affected. Your ovaries produce fewer amounts of estrogen, leading to infertility.
  • Excessive prolactin. If your pituitary gland produces excess prolactin, estrogen production will reduce, causing infertility. Medications you are taking for another ailment can cause the production of too much prolactin.

Damage to fallopian tubes

The function of the fallopian tube is to transport sperm to the egg released by the ovary and allow passage of the fertilized egg to the uterus for implantation. It is also where fertilization takes place. Fertilization will not occur if the fallopian tubes are damaged or blocked, leading to infertility since the sperm will not get to the egg or hinder the passage of the fertilized egg to get in the uterus.


Endometriosis is a condition where cells from the uterus lining grow in other parts. This condition can cause damage to the fallopian tubes and the ovaries, distracting egg and sperm movements. It can also disrupt the implantation of fertilized eggs and embryo growth. Damage to sperm or your egg leads to infertility.

Unexplained infertility

Sometimes the cause of infertility is not known. About 20% of couples with infertility issues are not identified. It is disappointing not to get a specific reason, but it corrects itself with time in some cases.

You will need to visit a reliable health care facility to define the cause of your infertility and receive the necessary treatment. Call Memorial Women’s Specialists in Houston, Texas, or book your slot online today.