5 Common Gynecological Problems and Their Treatment Options

Any woman in her prime can experience one gynecological disorder or another. The problems have different causes, and the symptoms vary from woman to woman. Garden City gynecology services can help detect your problem in good time so that early treatment can be initiated.

The five gynecological problems

The following are five of the most common gynecological problems that you can go through.

  1. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition that involves the presence of the endometrium (uterus lining) cells in areas beyond the uterus, like in the ovaries and the fallopian tubes. If you have the condition, you will have symptoms that include painful periods, pain during intercourse, and tiredness during menstruation.

Treatment includes pain medication, birth control medication, and surgery to remove the abnormal growth of the cells. If you no longer want to have children, your specialist might recommend a hysterectomy, the surgical removal of the uterus.

  1. Dysmenorrhea

If you have dysmenorrhea, you usually experience excruciating lower back and abdominal pain with your periods. The pain can prevent you from performing your daily duties. Due to strong uterine contractions, your uterus may not receive enough oxygen supply leading to pain. The condition can be associated with a pelvic disease or not.

Treatment might include treating any underlying problem or improving your general health and pain medications. Your specialist might recommend avoiding constipation at all costs during menstruation.  

  1. Uterine fibroids

Fibroids are non-cancerous growths of the uterus. Although it is a common condition, it can fail to show symptoms in some women. It is most common in women with no children or who became infertile after carrying one pregnancy to term. Common symptoms include heavy bleeding, painful periods, painful sex, and lower abdominal or pelvic pain.

The most common treatment is surgery which depends on the severity of the condition and the age of the patient.

  1. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Common in women of childbearing age, PCOS is a hormone disorder. It causes the male hormone (androgen) to increase and causes unpleasant symptoms and complications. The main symptom is infertility. Other symptoms include severe acne, infrequent and prolonged menstrual periods, excessive facial and body hair, and male-pattern baldness.

Treatment includes adjusting your lifestyle changes and medications. You can manage the symptoms by eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly.

  1. Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease affects the upper genital tract, which includes the fallopian tubes, uterus, and surrounding structures. It is most common among young women in developed and developing countries. Common symptoms include abnormal vaginal discharge, painful sex, irregular and heavy vaginal bleeding, fever, and lower abdominal and pelvic pain.

Once your specialist completes diagnostic testing, they will place you under intensive antibiotic therapy. 


You can manage the symptoms of gynecological problems at home by including the following tips in your routine.

  • Maintain personal hygiene
  • Drink a lot of water
  • Eat lots of fruits and vegetables
  • Exercise regularly
  • Practice safe sex
  • Schedule and attend your annual well-woman examinations

If you have any gynecological problems, visit Women’s Healthcare of Garden City for treatment. You will undergo extensive gynecological evaluation from the friendly and qualified staff. Call or book an appointment online today.